Diamonds are considered the most valuable things in the world. The word “diamond” comes from the Greek word “Adamas” and means “indestructible”. Here you have the most fascinating 30 facts about diamonds.
Diamonds are made of carbon, the same as coal.
Diamonds form deep in the Earth’s crust, about 100 miles below surface and are carried up to the surface by the volcanic eruptions.
Diamonds can be found mining deep in the ground and also in shallow alluvial deposits.
Diamond is the hardest natural substance. A diamond can be scratched only by another diamond.
Diamonds have been collected and traded for thousands of years and they were considered by ancient people to be the most valuable things in the world.
Diamonds were first associated with love by ancient Romans who believed that Cupid’s arrows were tipped with diamonds. Ancient Hindus also believed that diamonds can protect its wearer from danger. Many warriors wore diamonds on their armors to give them strength and courage.
Diamonds were believed to have healing properties with abilities to cure even mental illness.
India was the largest source of diamonds 600 years ago. Brazil became the larger supplier of diamonds 300 years ago. Today South Africa, Canada, Botswana, Namibia, and Russia are the most important producers of diamonds.
The largest diamond ever discovered weighed in at 1.33 pounds (3106 carats). It’s provenience is South Africa and it was given by the South African mine’s owner to King Edward. The diamond was called the Cullinan diamond.
The first engagement ring made out of diamonds was given by Archduke Maximilian of Austria to Mary of Burgundy. It happened in 1477 and it featured an M spelled out of diamonds on a gold made ring.
Diamonds can be created in laboratory. Lab-created diamonds have the same structure and properties as natural diamonds and it is very difficult to be differentiated without using special equipment for testing.
Astronomers discovered a planet called 55 Cancrie which is believed to be made entirely of carbon. 55 Cancrie is also believed to be one-third pure diamond. A star that is a diamond of 10 billion trillion trillion carats was also discovered. The star was named Lucy after the Song "Lucy in the sky with diamonds" by Beatles.
The diamond melting point is at 3547 centigrade (6420 F; 3820k) and its boiling point is at 4827 centigrade (8720 F; 5100 K). Basically, diamonds are fire proof considering the facts that an aggressive fire will burn at a temperature of maximum 1100 centigrade.
The diamond is the birthstone of people born in April.
Natural diamonds are usually between 1 to 3 billion years old.
Most of the diamonds (80%) go toward industrial uses. 80% of the world’s diamonds are not suitable for jewelry.
Diamond producing process is very erosive. To produce 1 carat diamond, 250 tons of earth will be mined.
Each diamond loses approximately 50% of its weight during cutting and polishing.
America produces less than 1% of the world’s diamonds but it buys more than a half of the world’s diamonds which makes America the largest diamond market in the world.
Most of the diamonds are yellow to transparent but they can be brown, blue, green, orange, red, black, and pink.
In the thirteenth century France only the king was allowed to wear diamonds.
Only pure diamonds are colorless. Blue and red diamonds are the rarest. Yellow and brown diamonds are the commonest.
Only one out of a thousand polished diamonds weights more than a carat.
1 carat = 0.2 grams = . 007 ounces.
Russia produces the most diamonds by volume and Botswana produces the most diamonds by value.
Diamonds are graded according to their carat weight, clarity, color, and cut.
Carats of a diamond refers to its weight not to its size. A larger diamond can be lighter than a smaller one due to its density therefore it has less carats.
Clarity of a diamond affects the diamond price.
Color grading of diamonds ranges from D (colorless) to Z (heavily colored). Colorless diamonds are usually graded as D,E, and F; Near colorless diamonds are graded as G,H,I, and J.
The beauty of a diamond comes mostly from its cut. Diamonds are cut to maximize the play of light within the stone. The cut refers to shape, faceting, symmetry, proportion, and finish.