ESL Saigon logo

Chemistry


Boron

Name: Boron
Symbol: B
Number of Energy Levels: 2
Electrons on the outer energy level: 3
Atomic Number: 5
Atomic Mass: 10.811 Amu
Protons/Electrons: 5
Neutrons: 6
Density: 2.34 g/cm3
Classification: Metalloid

Boron | Chemical elements

The Boron name comes from Arabic and Persian words for Borax, which are Buraq and Burah.

Top 13 interesting facts about boron

  1. Boron was discovered in 1808 by Sir H. Davy, J.L. Gay-Lussac and L.J. Thenard.
  2. Although Boron compounds have been well known since old times, the Boron can not be found freely in nature.
  3. Boron is mainly extracted from Kernite, which is found in Mojave Desert.
  4. Borax, another compound that contains Boron, is found in big quantities in Turkey.
  5. Boron compounds are used for treating Arthritis and to produce borosilicate glass.
  6. Another compound of Boron, Boron Nitrate, has lubricant properties and it is used as an alternative to graphite.
  7. B-10 isotope is used in nuclear industry as a neutron detector, but not only.
  8. Boron doesn’t conduct electricity very well in normal conditions but at high temperatures, Boron is a great electrical conductor.
  9. Boron’s melting point is at 2300 centigrade and the boiling point is at 2550 centigrade. Just 11 elements have a higher melting point than Boron.
  10. Pure Boron costs about $1100/100g (bulk costs about $500/100g).
  11. Boron is very hard and very resistant to heat.
  12. All of the plants use Boron as an important nutrient.
  13. Boron wasn’t made during the Big Bang; the collision between cosmic rays create the Boron.

Back to index