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Name: Californium
Symbol: Cf
Number of Energy Levels: 7
Electrons on the outer energy level: 2
Atomic number: 98
Atomic Mass: 251 Amu (Atomic Mass Units)
Protons/Electrons: 98
Neutrons: 153
Density: 14.78 g/cm3
Classification: Rare Earth

Californium | Chemical elements

Californium was discovered in 1949 by G. T. Seaborg. It was named after California (State and University). Californium’s melting point is at 900 °C (1173 K, 1652 °F) and its boiling point is at 1470 °C (1743 K , 1652 °F).

Top 16 interesting facts about Californium

  1. Californium is a silvery-white radioactive element.
  2. Californium was first created in 1950 by bombarding curium with helium ions.
  3. Californium is malleable and can be cut with a razor blade.
  4. Californium vaporizes in vacuum above 300 centigrade.
  5. Californium is just water soluble.
  6. Californium is the heaviest element to occur on Earth.
  7. Californium tarnishes in air.
  8. Californium has 20 radioisotopes.
  9. Californium-252 is the most common isotope.
  10. Californium is used to start up nuclear reactors due to its property to emit neutrons.
  11. Californium is also used as a source of neutrons.
  12. Californium is used in nuclear synthesis of high mass elements such as synthesis of ununoctium (element 118).
  13. Californium can be found around areas where atomic tests took place, around uranium deposits, and around areas where californium is used in mineral prospecting and medical treatments.
  14. Californium is produced in nuclear reactors.
  15. Californium accumulates in skeletal tissue affecting red blood cell formation.
  16. Californium has no biological role in living organisms and it is considered toxic.

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