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Chemistry


Nickel

Name: Nickel
Symbol: Ni
Number of Energy Levels: 4
Electrons on the outer energy level: 2
Atomic number: 28
Atomic Mass: 58.6934 Amu (Atomic Mass Units)
Protons/Electrons: 28
Neutrons: 31
Density: 8.902 g/cm3
Classification: Transition Metal

Nickel | Chemical elements

Nickel was discovered by Alex Cronstedt in 1751. Its name derives from German word "kupfernickel" which means "false copper". Nickel melting point is at 1453.0 째C (1726.15 K, 2647.4 째F) and its boiling point is at 2732.0 째C (3005.15 K, 4949.6 째F).

Top 11 interesting facts and information about nickel

  1. Nickel is a hard ductile silver-white metal.
  2. In normal conditions nickel forms a protective oxide layer which makes it not to react fast with air and being considered corrosion-resistant.
  3. On Earth nickel is found in compounds with iron, sulfur, or arsenic.
  4. Finland, Greece, Philippines, Indonesia, Australia, Brazil, New Caledonia, Canada, and Russia have large deposits of nickel.
  5. Nickel, alongside iron, cobalt, and gadolinium, is a ferromagnetic metal (but above 355 centigrade nickel becomes non-magnetic).
  6. 60% of nickel production is used in stainless steel production.
  7. There are 5 stable isotopes 58-Ni, 60-Ni, 61-Ni, 62-Ni, and 64-Ni.
  8. 58-Ni is the most abundant isotope with more than 68% natural abundance.
  9. The market price of nickel is around $14.000 per tone.
  10. Nickel was extensively used in coin production.
  11. The main uses of nickel are in special alloys production, rechargeable batteries, microphone capsules, electric guitar strings etc.

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