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Chemistry


Tin

Name: Tin
Symbol: Sn
Number of Energy Levels: 5
Electrons on the outer energy level: 4
Atomic number: 50
Atomic Mass: 118.71 Amu (Atomic Mass Units)
Protons/Electrons: 50
Neutrons: 69
Density: 7.31 g/cm3
Classification: Other Metals

Tin | Chemical elements

Tin was discovered in ancient times. Tin’s symbol derives from the Latin word "stannum" which means "tin". Tin’s melting point is at 231.9 °C (505.05 K, 449.41998 °F) and its boiling point is at 2270.0 °C (2543.15 K, 4118.0 °F).

Top 13 interesting facts about Tin

  1. Tin is a silvery, malleable, ductile, and highly crystalline metal.
  2. Tin is the 49th most abundant element in the Earth’s crust.
  3. Tin is extracted from various ores (Cassiterite is the most important source of tin).
  4. Tin is mainly produced in China, Indonesia, Peru, Bolivia, and Brazil.
  5. Tin is also produced by recycling.
  6. Tin has 10 stable isotopes.
  7. The most abundant tin isotopes are 116-Sn, 118-Sn, and 120-Sn.
  8. The least abundant isotope of tin is 115-Sn.
  9. Tin alloyed with cooper forms bronze which was used since 3000 BC.
  10. Tin can be polished and used as a protective coat for other metals.
  11. Tin is used in many alloys to prevent corrosion.
  12. Tin has low toxicity so it is used in food packaging.
  13. More than a half of tin’s production is used in solder.

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