ESL Saigon logo

Chemistry


Titanium

Name: Titanium
Symbol: Ti
Number of Energy Levels: 4
Electrons on the outer energy level: 2
Atomic number: 22
Atomic Mass: 47.867 Amu (Atomic Mass Units)
Protons/Electrons: 22
Neutrons: 26
Density: 4.54 g/cm3
Classification: Transition Metal

Titanium | Chemical elements

Titanium was discovered in 1791 by William Gregor. Its name derives from the Greek work "titanos" which means "titans". Titanium’s melting point is at 1660.0 0C (1933.15 K, 3020.0 0F) and its boiling point is at 3287.0 0C (3560.15 K, 5948.6 0F).

Top 13 interesting facts about titanium

  1. Titanium is very strong, silver, with a very low density metal.
  2. Titanium is very resistive to corrosion.
  3. Titanium is found in almost all living things.
  4. Titanium is extracted mainly from mineral ores through Kroll process.
  5. Titanium can be alloyed with other metals to obtain a very lightweight alloys used in aerospace industry, military, orthopedic implants, electronics, etc.
  6. Because titanium is very strong and very lightweight, it is used in almost all industries.
  7. Titanium is as strong as steel but 45% lighter than steel.
  8. Titanium has 8 isotopes but only five are stable 46-Ti, 47-Ti, 48-Ti (the most abundant, 73.8%), 49-Ti, and 50-Ti.
  9. Titanium is non-magnetic and poor conductor of heat and electricity.
  10. Titanium is the 9th most abundant element in Earth’s crust and the 7th most abundant metal.
  11. Titanium is mainly produced in China, Japan, Russia, the USA, and Kazakhstan.
  12. Titanium is extracted from many types of rock which usually contain up to 1.5% titanium.
  13. Titanium dioxide is used as a white pigment in paints, toothpaste, paper, and plastics.

Back to index