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Chemistry


Vanadium

Name: Vanadium
Symbol: V
Number of Energy Levels: 4
Electrons on the outer energy level: 2
Atomic number: 23
Atomic Mass: 50.9415 Amu (Atomic Mass Units)
Protons/Electrons: 23
Neutrons: 28
Density: 5.8 g/cm3
Classification: Transition Metal

Vanadium | Chemical elements

Vanadium was discovered in 1830 by Nils Sefstrom. Its name derives from the word "Vanadis" which is Scandinavian goddess of beauty and fertility. Vanadium’s melting point is at 1890.0 °C (2163.15 K, 3434.0 °F) and boiling point at 3380.0 °C (3653.15 K, 6116.0 °F).

Top 11 interesting facts about vanadium

  1. Vanadium is hard silver/grey metal.
  2. In nature, vanadium can be found only chemically combined.
  3. Elemental vanadium forms an oxide layer preventing it from further oxidation.
  4. Pure element vanadium was obtained for the first time in 1867 by Henry Enfield Roscoe.
  5. Vanadium is mainly produced in China and Russia.
  6. The main use of vanadium (vanadium pentoxide) is as a catalyst for the production of sulfuric acid.
  7. Vanadium is harder than most metals and steels and it has good resistance to corrosion.
  8. Vanadium has one stable isotope 51-V and one radioactive isotope 50-V.
  9. Vanadium can be found in 65 different minerals.
  10. Vanadium is used in steel production to improve its quality.
  11. Vanadium compounds are all considered toxic.

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